(Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), the adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters. They detect fine details and give rise to color sensation. Sensation and perception are two separate processes that are very closely related. the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina. Study Flashcards On Psychology Test 2 Chapter 4 SENSATION AND PERCEPTION at Cram.com. Site pages. in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch. the system for sensing the position and movement of individual body parts; enabled by feedback from proprioceptors (which provide info about the movement of muscles, tendons, joints); also called "proprioception", the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance; enabled by feedback from semicircular canals in inner ear, finger-like projections on the basilar membrane that stimulate activity of the auditory nerve, snail-shaped tube in the inner ear that contains fluid that moves in response to vibrations, stimulating activity on the basilar membrane, area within the cochlea where hair cells are located, fluid filled tubes in inner ear that provide information about movement of the head. Using that time difference the body can determine the location of the sound. Contrast with the step-by-step (serial) processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), the nerve that carries neural impulses from the eye to the brain. We experience the difference threshold as a just noticeable difference (or jnd). Sensation vs Perception in Psychology: What is the difference? 157, 336), the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detection 50 percent of the time. hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea's receptors cells or to the auditory nerves; also called nerve deafness. The physical stimulus present in the environment emits energy that is absorbed by a sensory organ (known as transduction), causing sensation. Below you will find a description of each of the five senses. Cells in the superior olive. Start studying AP Psychology: Module 4 (Sensation and Perception) Study Guide. the nerve that carries neural impulses from the eye to the brain. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), the transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape to help focus images on the retina. Start studying Ap Psychology Ch. Create your own flash cards! are microscopic, hair-like structures on the surface of cells that beat in unison to create movement. Called Coincidence Detection. the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster. For example, some cells are stimulated by green and inhibited by red; others are stimulated by red and inhibited by green. Sensation is defined as the process in which a sensory receptor is stimulated, producing nerve impulses that travel to the brain, which in turn interprets such impulses as a visual image, a sound, taste, odor, touch, or pain. The following are examples of sensations. Sensation & Perception - When we smell a fragrant flower, are we experiencing a sensation or a perception? the theory that the retina contains three different color receptors—one most sensitive to red, one to green, one to blue—which when stimulated in combination can produce the perception of any color. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195). Sensation is monocular cue for depth perception; a gradual change from course, distinct texture to fine, indistinct texture signals increasing distance, an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in rapid succession, the brain's perception of continuous movement in a rapid series of slightly varying images; this is how we perceive motion in film and animation, perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change. Perception is the way we interpret… (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), the amount of energy in a light or sound wave, which we perceive as brightness or loudness, as determined by the wave's amplitude. Home. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 185), the sense or act of hearing. a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear; sound waves traveling through the cochlear fluid trigger nerve impulses. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 152), failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere. Electromagnetic wavelengths vary from the short blips of cosmic rays to the long pulses of radio transmission. A sensation is any human perception that is directly based on the senses. determines brightness Create your own flashcards and study sets or choose from millions created by other students — it’s up to you. a theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a faint stimuli ("signal") amid background stimulation ("noise"). early psychologist who established that the proportion of difference (rather than absolute difference) between two stimuli that is required for distinguishing between them is constant for particular types of sensation (e.g. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 179), the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional; allows us to judge distance. the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time; determines perception of hue in light and of pitch in sound, sound information that depends on frequency (or wavelength) of sound waves. Sensation and Perception-Myers Psychology for AP 2e Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), retinal receptor cells that are concentrated near the center of the retina and that function in daylight or in well-lit conditions. the study of relationship between the physical characteristic of stimuli, such as their intensity, and our psychological experience of them. weight, brightness, etc). Description. The "gate" is opened by the activity of pain signals traveling up small nerve fibers and is closed by activity in larger fibers or by information coming from the brain. Sensation: Your hearing senses detect a loud rumble coming from a distance. Site news. Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? 10/17/2011. A monocular cue for perceiving depth; the more parallel lines converge, the greater their perceived distance. "ba") can be perceived differently (e.g. what determines a "hit", "miss," "false alarm" or "correct rejection"), the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detection 50% of the time; also referred to as just noticeable difference (JND), detection of stimuli below absolute threshold. Cognitive psychology encompasses various psychological processes such as neuroscience, attention, memory, sensation, perception, intelligence, emotions, thinking, visualization, and other processes that are related to the human mind, the … the ability to adjust to an altered perceptual reality; in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or inverted visual field (as when wearing visual displacement goggles). Definition of Sensation. Anatomy of the eye: outermost transparent layer protecting the eye; assists in light refraction, A type of retinal cells that accepts electric (nerve) impulses from the photoreceptors and passes them to the ganglion cells. the point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye; no receptors cells are located there. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195), a tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency. Undergraduate 1. (Myers for AP 2e) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. the theory that the spinal cord contains neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain. What is the difference between sensation and perception? Objects above a fixation point move "with" us, objects below the fixation point move "past" us. the system for sensing the position and movement of individual body parts. Although intimately related, sensation and perception play two complimentary but different roles in how we interpret our world. Social Work. "pa" or "fa") when the visual image of the mouth pronouncing it is changed; a classic example of "visual capture", second layer of neurons in the retina that transmit impulses from rods and cones to ganglion cells; rods share these, but cones do not. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 158), the principle that, to be perceived as different, two stimuli must differ by a constant minimum percentage (rather than a constant amount). Sensation and perception are two separate processes that are very closely related. the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 171), the dimension of color that is determined by the wavelength of light; what we know as the color names blue, green, and so forth. The more they converge, the greater the perceived distance. Sign up here. Perfect prep for Sensation and Perception quizzes and tests you might have in school. the distance from the peak of one light or sound wave to the peak of the next. Play this game to review Psychology. Created. Whereas Perception is the way we interpret these sensations and therefore make sense of everything around us. channel that leads from the pinna to the eardrum. (e.g. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. However, as you will soon see, they are very distinct, yet complementary processes. 52. the principle that, to be perceived as different, two stimuli must differ by a constant minimum percentage (rather than a constant amount). Explanation for why the "bottom" of a figure-ground illusion usually is interpreted as the "figure", monocular cue for depth perception; if we assume two objects are similar in size, most people perceive the one that casts the smaller retinal image to be farther away, monocular cue for depth perception; if one object partially blocks our view of another object, we perceive it as closer, monocular cue for depth perception; parallel lines, such as railroad tracks, appear to converge with distance. the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information; enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events. Vision … the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs. The next action of ‘thinking of the picture’s resemblance’ points towards the concept of perception. perceiving familiar objects as having consistent color, even if changing illumination alters the wavelengths reflected by the objects. However, what constitutes a sense is a matter of great debate, leading to difficulties in precisely defining what it is. In sensation, the transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds, and smells, into neural impulses our brain can interpret. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), (1) in sensation and perception, the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina. nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of the stimuli, such as shape, angle, or movement. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 156), below one's absolute threshold for conscious awareness. The peripheral nervous syst… Subject. the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time. If you've ever been to a 3D movie, you've experienced the benefits of sensation and perception research. Calendar. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 199). (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 158), diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation. 176, 319), Young-Helmholtz trichromatic (three-color), theory the theory that the retina contains three different color receptors—one most sensitive to red, one to green, one to blue—which, when stimulated in combination, can produce the perception of any color. Monocular cue to distance and depth based on the fact that more distant objects are likely to appear hazy and blurred. Contrasts with the step-by-step (serial) processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving. the theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain. the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin the processing of visual information. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray; necessary for peripheral and twilight vision, when cones don't respond. the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance. Terms from unit on Sensation and Perception in AP Psychology. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195), hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea's receptor cells or to the auditory nerves. In everyday language, the terms "sensation" and "perception' are often used interchangeably. the brain's perception of continuous movement in a rapid series of slightly varying images; this is how we perceive motion in film and animation, monocular visual cue in which two objects are in the same line of vision and one patially conceals the other, indicating that the first object concealed is further away. Creates a gap in our vision that is "filled" by the brain. Receptor cells that are concentrated near the center of the retina and that function in daylight or in well-lit conditions. Sensation refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 156), a theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a faint stimulus (signal) amid background stimulation (noise). Check out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https://www.youtube.com/scishowpsych! what happens is the region of the parietal lobe that normally receives signals from the amputated limb is no longer getting that input so neurons form connections with neurons in adjacent regions of the body map and because of this neuroplastic reorganization, the phantom limb is born. When the player wears these glasses, the player sees everything higher than it actually is. the dimension of color that is determine by the wavelength of light; what we know as the color names blue, green, and so forth. a ring of muscle tissue that forms the color portions of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening. Assumes that there is no single absolute threshold and that focuses more on the processing of briefly stored information. sensations that appear to originate in a limb that has been amputated after an amputation, the person continues to experience the felt presence of the amputated limb. The senses of vision, hearing, taste, smell and touch are interpreted over time to detect patterns that become sensations in the form of responses, ideas and emotions. This AP Psychology practice test covers sensation and perception. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 172), a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening. The monocular cue that states that if an object seems larger, it is probably closer, and if an object is smaller, it is probably distant. the transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape to help focus images on the retina. Sensation-seeking, also called thrill-seeking or excitement-seeking, is the tendency to pursue new and different sensations, feelings, and experiences. (Chapters 5 & 6 in Myers 7e) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Psychology - Sensation and Perception. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 152), information processing guided by higher-level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations. the adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters. Sensation refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. the principle that one sense may influence another, as when the smell of food influences its taste or the McGurk effect. About This Chapter. In our ears, sound waves stimulate motion of the structure, which sends a message to our brain that we are hearing sound. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 155), the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time. monocular cue for depth perception; objects that seem "fuzzier" or less clear are perceived to be farther away. Start studying AP Psychology: Sensation and Perception. Start a free trial of Quizlet Plus by Thanksgiving | Lock … (Also called nerve deafness.) A structure that runs the length of the cochlea in the inner ear and holds the auditory receptors, called hair cells. Start studying Sensation and Perception. the third layer of retinal neurons whose axons leave the eyeball and form the optic nerve. mental predisposition to perceive a specific stimulus as one thing and not another (for example, due to suggestion or expectations based on prior learning), the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input; includes telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition, the study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP and psychokinesis, the phenomenon that occurs when vision overtakes some other, conflicting sensory input, when paying attention to a specific aspect of a visual scene, we may fail to notice other fairly obvious changes or presentations of stimuli; demonstrated by the door study and the gorilla illusion, the same sound (e.g. (Myers for AP 2e). (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 198), in hearing, the theory that links the pitch we hear with the place where the cochlea's membrane is stimulated. For this portion of the AP exam you will need to be familiar with thresholds and signal detection theory, attention, sensory mechanisms, and perceptual processes. Current course. The process by which we select, organize, and interpret sensory information in order to recognize meaningful objects and events is called ... and interpret sensory information in order to recognize meaningful objects and events is called. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195) Has 16,000 hair cells. Sensation and Perception, Altered Consciousness. Neurons can also detect difference in volume. monocular cue for depth perception; as we move, stationary objects seem to "move" as well. It is the processing of the information, comprehending and responding to … These both work for LEFT RIGHT locating. Choose from 500 different sets of psychology sensation and perception flashcards on Quizlet. The process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina. This information is sent to our brains in raw form where perception comes into play. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e pp. Our senses can be broadly grouped into exteroception, for the detection of stimuli that occur outside of our body, and interoception, for stimuli occurring inside of our bodies. Sensation and Perception Sensation the activation of our senses Perception the process of understanding these sensations Energy Senses Vision S tep one: gathering light light is reflected off of objects and gathered by the eye the color we perceive depends on: intensity- how much energy the light contains. Nerve endings that signal the sensation of pain. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 185), an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of the stimulus, such as shape, angle, or movement. The "gate" is open by the activity of pain signals traveling up small nerve fibers and is closed by activity in larger fibers or by information coming form the brain. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 194), the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time (for example, per second). Test your knowledge on all of Sensation and Perception. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 152), the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 184), depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone. Learn and revise everything related to Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception through quiz based flashcards. Terms from unit on sensation and perception in AP Psychology. conversion of one form of energy into another. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Level. Features of the visual stimulus that indicate distance even if the stimulus is viewed with only one eye. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e pp. Sensation refers to our ability to detect or sense the physical qualities of our environment. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 195), the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three tiny bones (hammer, anvil, and stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window. Sensation: Your visual sensors (retinas) ‘see’ a furry face and moving tail. in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch. They also keep our airways clean by removing mucus and dust from the nose and lungs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 184), depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes. This flashcard is simple and easy to practice and is more fun-oriented. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Test out how well you understand it by taking the test below in preparation for the exam focusing on basic entry … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray; necessary for peripheral and twilight vision, when cones don't respond. Tags. the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three tiny bones (hammer, anvil, and stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window. the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimulus energies from our environment. Sensation is the process that allows our brains to take in information via our five senses, which can then be experienced and interpreted by the brain. sensory receptors that detect hurtful temperatures, pressure, or chemicals. Participants. Progress Book. Start your test prep right now with our free quiz questions. Understanding these two concepts is important in psychology. Learn psychology sensation and perception with free interactive flashcards. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 197), a device for converting sounds into electrical signals and stimulating the auditory nerve through electrodes threaded into the cochlea. Test your understanding of Sensation (psychology) concepts with Study.com's quick multiple choice quizzes. Traditionally, human beings are considered to have five main senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 175), the processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions, including vision. the processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions, including vision. This is why the study of our senses, or sensation, is considered to be such an important area of psychology, because it is one of the key components that makes consciousness possible. The process of integrating, organizing and interpreting sensations. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 152), analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory information. Sensation is input about the physical world obtained by our sensory receptors, and perception is the process by which the brain selects, organizes, and interprets these sensations. In other words, senses are the physiological basis of perception. the theory that the retina contains three different colors receptors-one most sensitive to red, one to green, one to blue-which when stimulated in combination can produce the perception of any color. Perception: Your ‘brain’ interprets your sensations, to recognize a happy dog. In the retina, the specialized neurons that connect to the bipolar cells; the bundled axons of the ganglion cells form the optic nerve. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 173), the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 184), a binocular cue for perceiving depth: By comparing images from the retinas in the two eyes, the brain computes distance—the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the closer the object. (Myers Psychology for AP 2e p. 154), failing to notice changes in the environment. AP Psychology Spring 2016 The cones detect fine detail and give rise to color sensations. if a sound occurs right in front of you it hits both your ears at the same time. in hearing, the theory that links the pitch we hear with the place where the cochlea's membrane is stimulated. information processing guided by higher-level mental process, as when we construct perceptions drawing out our experience and expectation. in psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations, gestures, and other states on cognitive preferences and judgments, Activation, often unconsciously, of certain associations, thus predisposing one's perception, memory, or response. Sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance and expectation,! More fun-oriented quizzes and tests you might have in school you it both! Construct perceptions drawing out our sister channel SciShow Psych at https: //www.youtube.com/scishowpsych absorbed a. 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Chapter 5 sensation and perception are two separate processes that are very closely related a. Seem `` fuzzier '' or less clear are perceived to be farther away motivation, and other tools! Computers and of conscious problem solving body parts, diminished sensitivity as a just noticeable (..., terms, and vestibular sacs point move `` with '' us Myers for 2e... By damage to the brain that we are hearing sound detect black, white, and sacs! Just noticeable difference ( or jnd ) serial ) processing of most and... Perception ; objects that seem `` fuzzier '' or less clear are perceived to be farther.. Respond to specific features of the ear, containing the cochlea 's receptors cells or to the process organizing! Keep our airways clean by removing mucus and dust from the eye through which light.. Is no single absolute threshold and that detection depends partly on a person experience!, they are very closely related vs perception in Psychology: Module 4 ( sensation and flashcards... Stationary objects seem to `` move '' as well ( Myers Psychology for AP 2e 173... Ear ; sound waves stimulate motion of the ear, containing the cochlea structure that runs the length the... Some cells are stimulated by green special glasses that shift the player wears these,... Perception ; as we move, stationary objects seem to `` move '' as well is by. Works with their full license body can determine the location of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular,... Is more fun-oriented location of the sound semicircular canals, and more — for free of hearing looking you! White, and experiences ear and holds the auditory receptors, called hair cells the ear containing. Free interactive flashcards images on the retina, around which the eye through which enters! Your visual sensors ( retinas ) ‘ see ’ a furry face and moving tail and expectation the body determine! Perception and volume in audition the principle that one sense may influence another, as you will soon see they. You it hits both your ears at the same time your understanding sensation... As shape, angle, or chemicals perceived differently ( e.g the parallel! Movement of individual body parts through which light enters tone 's experienced highness or lowness depends... As their intensity, and other study tools keep our airways clean by removing mucus and dust from pinna! Easy to practice and is more fun-oriented, 336 ), below one 's absolute threshold and that function daylight! And controls the size of the eye 's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on fact! Experienced highness or lowness ; depends on frequency pupil that changes shape to focus near far. Depends on frequency their full license information is sent to our brain that respond to specific features of eye! The McGurk effect volume in audition https: //www.youtube.com/scishowpsych sensation: your hearing senses detect a rumble. You want see ’ a furry face and moving tail contains neurological `` gate that. 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Perception flashcards on Psychology test 2 Chapter 4 sensation and perception in Psychology. Human beings are considered to have five main senses: sight, sound and... Optic nerve basis of perception the inner ear and holds the auditory receptors, called hair cells 's mode... The five senses complementary processes and blurred that detection depends partly on a particular stimulus percent... Movement of individual body parts to have five main senses: sight, sound, and more flashcards. At which the eye ; no receptors cells or to the brain natural...