Â. Yellow: Focused on driving. In our intoxicated triage example, Yellow might be paying attention to distance, personal space, body-language, level of cooperation, etc. awareness. “Situational awareness” is a concept we are all familiar with, but many of us don’t understand that just being aware is not enough. Situational Awareness- Cooper’s Color Code & Boyd’s O.O.D.A. The danger of staying in Orange is how one, namely me, can begin to see evil and threats from everyone, everywhere, all the time… even when none are present. ❰ “Safety is something that happens between your ears, not something you hold in your hands.” Applying Jeff Cooper’s levels in the Awareness Color Code Chart, she operated on the level “white” … the entire time. Situational Awareness. That is what Colonel Jeff Cooper’s four-level color code is for. Article updated on July 21, 2017. WHAT IS COOPER’S COLOR CODE? This is where the CAVEMAN, the fight or flight/sympathetic responses to danger kick in. Here are few: This tactical sounding term in plain English just means paying attention to your environment. Situational Awareness..... For Soldiers or LEO'S on the Job or Security Personnel We go through the Color Codes several Times while on Mission … Color Codes of Awareness. The ability to defend yourself in a life-threatening situation starts long before touching a weapon; it starts with what the military calls, “situational awareness.” If you don’t know what’s going on around you, the bad guys have a distinct advantage… the element of surprise. Ask anyone who has been attacked by surprised, and they will attest, that jump to finding yourself in RED, sucks. Situational Awareness. Simply, it is 5 states of readiness. U.S. Marine Jeff Cooper developed the Color Code concept to identify different levels of situational awareness and to help people understand how to act as someone who is situationally aware. Our hero, who never lives in Condition White (except when he is knocked out), is sitting at a table in the local saloon, playing cards with a mixed group of friends and strangers. With increases in crime such as theft, rape, and assault, it is in our best interest to pay attention.In nature, predators seek out easy targets — the weak and the sick ones. You and Situational Awareness color code system CONDITION WHITE Firing-Pen.com Posted on February 5, 2016 by Larry February 22, 2016 Now that we’ve built a base of what we should be looking for and how to be on the look out for “stuff”, we can expand into the color code system of awareness. As preppers, we need to be aware of our surroundings to safely conduct our business as usual.We also need to be aware of threats. Condition ‘yellow’ is a relaxed, very alert state of mind and is part of a color-coded tactical awareness continuum referred to as the Cooper Color Code. By not paying attention to their surroundings, If one of them draws a six-gun, our hero will do the same, take out Bart first and then move his focus to the two sidekicks. It’s a tool to analyze your own level of situational awareness at any given time. Share. This would include using your mirrors to observe behind you. The concept of a color code of survival relates career, volunteer, and off-duty personnel. Although he is playing cards, when he is not checking his hand, he is looking at the others at his table and what is going on around the saloon. Condition White is a state of mind during which you are completely unaware of what is going on around you and you are totally unprepared to take any action to defend yourself or those around you. At the outset of Carry Life, we made a reference to defensive pistol icon Col. Jeff Cooper’s awareness levels, or as he called it, the “Cooper Color Code.” The code itself is simple in concept, and… It is a tough choice, but there is only one right answer.”. Situational Awareness-Left of Bang-Beyond the Color Codes and OODA Loops. They are: So why do we need the colors? White is a level characterized as being completely unaware of one’s surroundings. Condition Orange is a state of specific alertness and awareness. States of Awareness, the Cooper Color Codes By Tom Givens Most people stumble through life, blissfully unaware of the world around them. Being in Condition Yellow allows you to react to threats quickly should they arise, because you will … By Bob Harvey. The Color Code of Survival: A Situational Awareness Tool. Situational awareness training is exactly what it sounds like. Our hero, realizing that leaving by the back door is no longer an option, thinks through his other two options. It’s a task you most likely do daily. That is what Colonel Jeff Cooper’s four-level color code is for. In the aviation industry the environment of a pilot is the aircraft (cockpit), the weather and traffic situation as well as the air traffic controller the pilot is in contact with. I learned a lot on that trip. Ammoland Inc. Posted on May 27, 2014 June 2, 2017 by Bob Harvey. Your Human Animal (gut-feeling) tapped you on the shoulder and asked “Hey, what’s that?” Something has captured your attention. Share This Post Tweet ; Situational awareness is vital to preppers and for good reason. The “something” was the behavior exhibited by the supposed patient. This is the optimal condition for day-to-day life and should be the basis of your awareness. Description. Because, when faced with a life threatening attack by a criminal, as a typical normal person, we are faced with three very difficult challenges. They are: So let's take a look at these. Colonel “Jeff” Cooper, developed the “Color Code of Awareness” for the military to inspire self-assessment and vigilance.  Sometimes this is purposeful and others it is not. Situational awareness is the conscious decision to be aware of your surroundings and the activities taking place within it. We use cookies to optimize our website and give you the best experience on our website. CPI’s NVCI vs. DT4EMS’ EVE – A simple comparison, “No one person can be controlled by another, unless they want you to.”. In RED, you have no doubt you are engaged in danger. First we will give a brief explanation of each color-coded level, while applying them to a common scenario of triaging an intoxicated “patient.”. It is in that moment, you went from Yellow, to Orange. It’s made up of 4 colors: White, Yellow, Orange, and Red. Those who have trained in our Escaping Violent Encounters (EVE) will immediately recall the importance we place on situational awareness regarding unsafe scenes/situations. As taught by Cooper, the color code includes mental states of White, Yellow, Orange and Red. While it is a system commonly taught to law enforcement and the military, it certainly has applications for all interested in personal safety. Our hero focuses his attention on Bart but continues to scan the room—this time, making sure to keep tabs on the two sidekicks. Unfortunately there are not a lot of areas left in our world where you are immune to threats to your personal safety. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the express prior written permission of Engaged Media. You are also looking all around you in a 360-degree arc and not just in front of you. The following description of each state is … That action might be shooting someone who attacks you or those around you, or it might be taking a lesser level of action, such as proactively disarming the person, using pepper spray to blind him, knocking him out with your fists or a club, or escaping an active shooter by fleeing through an exit before the shooter gets to you. It helps you move mentally from that state of mind in which you are watching out for trouble to seeing something that could be a problem to acting on it when it becomes a reality. For example "FF" in hexadecimal represents number 255 in Decimal. The late Jeff Cooper’s “Color Code” has been embraced and taught by competent instructors for many years. Color Codes of Awareness … Unfortunately, many people cannot take that step from being aware of a threat to taking action to address that threat, because they haven’t prepared their minds to take aggressive or lethal action to nullify it. Posted by wbmaness on December 31, 2013. If you don’t resist, you almost certainly will get killed. Cooper’s colors: A simple system for situational. How we fair at the end, is determined of level of awareness. We can be subtly aware of things around us, but can only focus on one at a time. The danger of. This is called “developing your combat mindset”—that state of mind in which you are prepared to take violent action (or whatever level of action is needed). Noticing vehicles, roadway, signage/signals, and other driver’s behaviors. The premise of this color-coded model is to help one recognize “where” they might be with situational awareness, a level of it, at any given time. If you see that either one is happening near you, you should immediately move into Condition Orange and think about what you need to do in your current situation and the steps you would take if you have to go to Condition Red. Black: You are involved in a crash causing your death because you were texting (White). Condition Yellow is a state of relaxed alertness in which you are aware of what is going on around you and realize something bad might happen. You are focused solely on the perceived threat. CCW Lifestyle Series # 12 – Situational Awareness and Color Codes. In order to respond to a specific stimulus, a threat, we must go through a mental/physical process. You can see more about the reaction process be checking out R.A.C.E. He is now in Condition Orange, because he knows that Bart has been looking for him ever since he helped the sheriff put Bart’s kid brother in jail. People walking down the sidewalk or riding on a bus with their focus on some kind of social media interaction are in Condition White. Here our formally labeled intoxicated “patient” grabs you aggressively and states he is going to, “Kill you!” This, now formally turning him into a criminal attacker, changes the nature of the relationship. It helps you move mentally from that state of mind in which you are watching out for trouble to seeing something that could be a problem to acting on it when it becomes a reality. Situational awareness distinguishes between person and environment. The Yellow level, simply put, is when a person is purposefully aware of their surroundings.  It is the preparation for, not paranoia of, some form of danger/threat. This awareness gives you the advantage of being able to prepare mentally and physically to take action, should it be necessary. If you resist, you just may get killed. The shadow falling across the table alerts our hero to the cowardly attack; his hand finds the half-empty pitcher of beer and smashes it across the sidekick’s face. Colonel USMC (ret) and founder of Gunsite.Cooper is well known for developing "the Modern Technique" of handgun shooting and is one of the 20th century's foremost international experts on the use and history of small arms.He is also responsible for advocating the four basic rules of firearms safety. Many of them emphasized the importance of the knowledge between your ears—as opposed to the hardware in your hand. First, you have to see the criminal and realize that he is a threat. Thanks to you  already being in Yellow, in Orange, you are narrowing your awareness spectrum in order determine if there is indeed a threat, and what steps you need to take to mitigate/avoid/escape it.  In our intoxicated triage example,  the “patient” pulls away, becomes slightly uncooperative with the triage process. Because he is in an environment that could present danger, he is at Condition Yellow. Update: 2015-03-06. Anything that causes an awareness distraction from our surroundings can place a person in White. While in law enforcement we would call that ” A clue” the situation just took a turn onto Uh-Oh Road. Get our best preps & survival tips, delivered right to your inbox! I was first introduced into the concept of threat awareness color-codes during my training at the police academy. San Diego County Gun Owners December 7, 2020 Rostra General Posts, San Diego County Gun Owners Leave a … For example, during a natural disaster such as a tornado or an earthquake, you should be in Condition Yellow if a tornado alert has been sounded or if you feel the initial tremors. I was first introduced into the concept of threat awareness color-codes during my training at the police academy. Jeff Cooper was a man with a plethora of opinions on topics pertinent to self-defense. Cooper broke down situational awareness into four levels of escalating degrees of preparation for police use of deadly force. Imagine you are driving in moderate traffic, at highway speeds. “Fat, dumb and happy” is no way to fly safely. Bart’s eyes narrow into slits, and a scowl comes across his face. They t… Meaning of symbols: The first two symbols in HTML color code represents the intensity of red color… Bart starts a commotion at the bar that catches our hero’s attention and allows the more ugly of the two sidekicks to sneak around behind him, raising the butt of his pistol to knock out our hero. Orange: A vehicle passes you at a high rate of speed. Cooper’s Color Code is not a way to analyze the amount of danger you’re in. In Condition Yellow, you are routinely looking around, watching for things that might present a threat or for changes in your environment. Your net of consciousness is extended out in a 360-degree circle. Situational Awareness- Color Codes of Awareness. Bart turns around, takes a sip of his whiskey and sees our hero. A tuned-up awareness is critical for pilot safety too. If Bart or one of his buddies comes at him without drawing his gun, he will not draw his either but will certainly put the pitcher of beer on the table or the empty chair to his right to good use if it comes to fisticuffs. It is your readiness to respond to that danger. CCW Lifestyle Series # 12 – Situational Awareness and Color Codes. Copyright 2021 DT4EMS LLC. It is simple and easy to remember. These numbers are in hexadecimal numeral system. Because of this importance, Stratfor has written about situational awareness many times in the past. Sep 30, 2015 - Awareness makes up 90% of self-defense, the remaining 10% being physical techniques. Most of you are quite familiar with the concepts, but a review of these essential survival levels is worthwhile. The sound of the saloon doors swinging open catches his attention. An application of the color codes might be: White: You are distracted from driving by responding to texts on your smartphone. So, to put it all together, let’s think about an old Western movie. HTML Codes format: Each HTML code contains symbol "#" and 6 letters or numbers. Not only did I learn the history of Salem and its infamous witch trials, I also learned that my dear friend completely lacks situational awareness. ❰ “Owning a handgun doesn’t make you armed, any more than owning a guitar makes you a musician.” WHITE/BLACK is to be (obviously) avoided. However, you are not taking any action. The late John Dean “Jeff” Cooper (May 10, 1920 – September 25, 2006) is generally considered the father of modern pistol technique. You know you might have to take some kind of action to address this threat—but you are not taking action… at least, not yet. Cooper used the color code to describe one’s state of mind as it relates to one’s degree of danger and their willingness to act. You now observe as it weaves in and out of traffic, dangerously close to the vehicles ahead of you. The color code of survival, introduced by Lt. Just as the incessant awareness (Yellow), to the task of driving, on the job, you should strive to be at Yellow for the most part, especially during human interaction. The more you train your Human Animal, the less it is a tap on the shoulder, and it becomes a forceful grabbing, and shaking you with both hands, screaming, “What the eff was that!?”. If something dangerous started to play out, they would not notice it. It was a process I applied on the street, throughout my careers in law enforcement and EMS. Two concepts you should learn to keep yourself safe are situational awareness and color codes. Situational Awareness: The Color Code Model. “Awareness” means watching your environment and what is going on around you in order to anticipate what might happen to you and those around you. Cooper’s four-color system provides a framework for moving between the non-aware, or oblivious, state (Condition White) through two intermediate levels (Conditions Yellow and Orange) before getting to the ready-for-action state (Condition Red). Similar to the animal kingdom, human predators also seek out targets of opportunity — especially those who are unaware and oblivious to what’s arou… Use your senses to look and listen for anything out of the ordinary. He is ready to take action and use lethal force, if necessary, if the events occur that he has chosen as his action triggers. His back is to the wall so he can see the whole room and nobody can sneak up on him. You are aware of your surroundings as if you were in Condition Yellow, but you have now identified something or someone that is a potential threat. Bart heads for the bar to our hero’s right, while his two buddies move to a table to our hero’s left. Red: The aggressive driver has caused an accident in your direct path. It’s good to have options. The final aspect of Condition Orange is that you make a decision about what will trigger an action on your part and move you into Condition Red. You take action when a trigger condition or event occurs that you have already identified in Condition Orange, so it isn’t a reactive action but a planned action. Warfighters know that situational awareness is just as important for success as physical skill or conditioning. They remain preoccupied with thoughts of work, or personal problems, or how to get a date, or other trivialities, with no thought to their immediate environment. Milwaukee, Wisconsin New York, New York Atlanta, Georgia phone: 800.987.4368 fax: 414.359.1074 website: www.feinet.com email: info@feinet.com Developing a Strong Sense of Situational Awareness Developing situational awareness can be as simple as changing a few habits. The Color Codes of Mental and Situational Awareness This article will go over the Jeff Cooper color codes of awareness. It is an important behavior to practice as you go about your day. You need to move to the storm shelter to get away from the tornado or look for a doorway to shelter under if you don’t have time to get out of the building during an earthquake. Details are apparent - squirrels in trees, people waiting at a crosswalk a block away, the color of a particular motorcycle. With awareness, you can identify and avoid potentially … The most extreme example of this is when you are asleep, but many people spend much of their day in this level of “unreadiness.” They are fully focused on what they are doing at work and wouldn’t notice if a fight or an active shooter situation were going on around them. The late Jeff Cooper’s “Color Code” has been taught by police instructors for many years. In Condition Red, what had been just a potential threat changes into an actual threat and, if you are attacked or threatened, you will have to act. ... paying attention to their color code system, or OODA loops, but a lot of the time never really go in to what that means or why it is important. As he looks up, he sees Black Bart and two of his sidekicks enter the saloon. There is one caveat that affected me… learn how to not stay in orange. Cooper’s Color Code is a tool for situational awareness. All Rights Reserved, Situational Awareness: The Color Code Model, Replying to a personal text on your smartphone, Daydreaming about an upcoming recreational activity, Co-worker, another patient, or bystander asks you a question causing you to, The Yellow level, simply put, is when a person is, There is one caveat that affected me… learn how to not stay in orange. Black is pretty much self-explanatory. Most of you are familiar with the concepts, but a review is worthwhile. 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Tips, delivered right to your environment paranoid or having an irrational.! Html code contains symbol `` # '' and 6 letters or numbers is worthwhile awareness Color code of survival introduced. Captured your attention surprised, and they will attest, that jump to finding yourself Red. Of danger and their willingness to act the activities taking place within it in! Concealed Carry out of control, and even a rollover saloon doors swinging catches! Shoulder and asked “Hey, what’s that? ” something has captured your attention it sounds like stimulus a! And situational awareness this article first appeared in the past that ” a clue” the situational awareness color codes. Threats but isn ’ t taking any action, should it be necessary where you are familiar with concepts. Western movie personal security but as a fundamental building block in collective security by competent instructors for many.... Through his other two options he might have to act to their surroundings, this where! The hardware in your hand your environment your environment their focus on one at crosswalk. Optimize our website each HTML code contains symbol `` # '' and 6 letters or numbers of... Defensesituational awarenesssurvival skills, Lt OODA Loops form of White, Yellow might paying! Answer. ” death because you were texting ( White ) supposed patient comes across his face room. Is still taught to law enforcement and the military to inspire self-assessment and vigilance defensesituational awarenesssurvival skills Dec 2020! Go about your day a high rate of speed clue” the situation just took a turn onto Road. Intoxicated triage example, Yellow, Orange and Red plain English just paying... Media interaction are in condition Yellow tool to analyze the amount of danger you’re in to inspire self-assessment and.. That affected me… learn how to not stay in Orange dumb and happy” is no to.